Roosevelt University Honors Thesis Description

An exploration of John Steinbeck’s changing attitude toward the concept of the American Dream throughout his career

Across his career, John Steinbeck explores the concept of the American Dream. Specifically, in his works Of Mice and Men, Cannery Row, The Pearl, and East of Eden, he considers what it takes for man to find happiness. What is most interesting about his exploration of this theme is that each novel investigates the theme differently. In Of Mice and Men, many characters are shown to be helpless due to economic and social circumstances, but they also have big dreams of independence and prosperity. In Cannery Row, Steinbeck chooses not to use characters that are searching for happiness but rather characters that have already found it and leaves it up to the reader to determine how they achieved this goal. In The Pearl, a fisherman finds a pearl that he hopes to use to buy happiness for his family but soon finds that peace and happiness are not to be purchased. Finally, in East of Eden, he focuses on two families, the Trasks and the Hamiltons, who struggle with guilt, their capacity for self-destruction, acceptance and attempting to find freedom. Although every character has different desires, most seem to believe in the American Dream and that money is the means to the end, which is their happiness. The earlier texts express doubts about the American Dream, since the Great Depression had crippled the prospects of it. By East of Eden, 1952, Steinbeck has both a more optimistic outlook on American prospects, but also has found it necessary to put those prospects in a much longer and more complex narrative perspective. Steinbeck uses several different narrative forms and structures to convey changing ideas about the American Dream. Each text’s form seems chosen specifically for its ability to convey Steinbeck’s attitude at the time about the quest for happiness of his characters within the historical moment.

         This project will examine John Steinbeck’s texts in order of the date they were published to show how historical and cultural events shaped his thinking about the “American Dream.” The “American Dream,” is defined by James Truslow Adams, as “that dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement.” Although this phrase was not coined until the very beginning of the Great Depression in 1933, Steinbeck’s texts, following shortly after this concept was articulated, show us that the American Dream is often elusive.

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Charli XCX’s new album ‘Sucker’ wild mix of punk & pop


Although Charli XCX may not have been a household name until recently, she has been making waves in the music scene for well over a year. The 22 year-old Brit’s journey began in 2012 burst onto the pop scene via a guest spot on Icona Pop’s chart-topping hit “I Love It,” which she also co-wrote. Her stardom slowly began to proliferate as she appeared on the chorus for “Fancy” with Iggy Azalea, but this didn’t exactly win her time in the spotlight quite yet. Finally, her song for “The Fault in Our Stars” soundtrack, “Boom Clap,” was played nonstop on the radio. The ‘Fancy’ singer proves she can bring just as much if not more fun to pop music on ‘Sucker’ without any celebrity assistance.

Sucker begins with songs “Sucker,” “Break the Rules,” and “London Queen” which all accentuate her punk side whereas the rest of the album becomes increasingly more pop-focused. Her pop-punk duality has been hammered into fans’ heads after she performed pop hit “Boom Clap” and more edgy punk “Break the Rules” on the American Music Awards and Saturday Night Live in respectively pop and punk-themed outfits.

“London Queen,” inspired by the Ramones, details XCX’s journey from London to the United States in an upbeat, but cliché way and doesn’t gain the approval of punk fans.
The song that stands out most is her newly released single “Breaking Up.” It’s a retro, cosmic bowling themed video for a song that makes breaking up look easy, if not enjoyable. Warning: this song may very easily become stuck in your head the rest of the week after just one listen, but that’s not a bad thing. XCX acts out a revenge fantasy singing “Everything was wrong with you/ so breaking up was easy to do.”

Charli XCX is known to be a strong feminist, which shows up most clearly on “Body of My Own.” Another song not to miss is “Famous” featuring Greg Kurstin. It is surprisingly the only song on the album with a guest feature, but Charli is a powerful performer who pulls her weight incredibly. This track has a retro pop sound but is simultaneously the one track most calling for an EDM remix.

Weezer influences can be heard throughout “Hanging Around.” Charli worked with Weezer’s Rivers Cuomo on the track and it is a more of a rock anthem. “Caught in the Middle” is a slower song on an album of glittery, bubbly pop songs, but holds its own with a catchy hook, “Our hearts got caught in the middle/caught in the middle of love.”
By the time “Need Ur Luv” comes around closing up the album, it’s easy to see that each and every song on the album is strong enough to be its own single with the exception of superficial “Gold Coins” about the joys of wealth.

Her sound has changed a lot since her debut album “True Romance” and while some will say she’s “sold out” since gaining entrance to fame, I think she’s simply matured. Although this album is sure to break some sales records, she stays out of the mainstream world with her unique personality, style, and the pop-punk dichotomy of her sound.

Now due to her growing fame, the world gets to see more of who she really is now that she isn’t hiding behind synths and hazy production. While she used to tour singing over beats from her computer, she toured with a live all-female band for “Sucker.”

Charli XCX is going to be around for a while making fun pop music due to both her singing and songwriting skills. She has contributed to Rihanna’s upcoming album as well as Iggy Azalea’s new single “Beg for it.” Although “Sucker” in all its immense glittery pop wonderfulness will hold me over for a while, I can’t wait to see what she’ll come up with next.
(Photo Courtesy of Flickr)

Mindy Kaling’s ‘Matt & Ben’ premieres at First Floor Theater

Left to Right: Nora Bingham and Kate Healy in First Floor Theater's “Matt & Ben,” written by Mindy Kaling and Brenda Withers, and directed by Amanda Fink. Courtesy of First Floor Theater.

Left to Right: Nora Bingham and Kate Healy in First Floor Theater’s “Matt & Ben,” written by Mindy Kaling and Brenda Withers, and directed by Amanda Fink.
Courtesy of First Floor Theater.

First Floor Theater encouraged patrons to party like it was 1996 on Sunday, Nov. 16 as it premiered the Matt Damon and Ben Affleck homage, “Matt & Ben.”
The play, co-written by “The Office” and “The Mindy Project” actress Mindy Kaling, follows Affleck and Damon as they attempt to write a script based on the novel “Catcher in the Rye” and become famous actors. In the midst of their process, a script, which turns out to be Oscar-winning film “Good Will Hunting,” falls from the ceiling and absurdity ensues.
What sets this play apart is that female actors play the male characters of Matt and Ben. Nora Bingham, marketing director of First Floor Theatre and University of Chicago graduate, played Matt while Kate Healy, a Chicago-based performer and playwright, played Ben.
While this was a seemingly interesting concept, it played out more like a gimmick featuring stereotypical, gender-driven jokes instead of a unique and humorous alternative perspective.
The non-traditional set was located in a tiny, windowless room as opposed to a curtains drawn, center stage, broadway production setup. A minimalistic but messy interior design of a couch, desk area and kitchen managed to accurately represent the inhabiting characters.
A television sat to the right of the stage, which played short programs during scene transitions. The show was complemented by a typical 1990s soundtrack, featuring Biggie Smalls, No Doubt and Nirvana.
A downside to the set’s authenticity was that the characters couldn’t keep their hands off the potato chip bags and pizza boxes adorning the pigsty pad. Distracting food chewing interfered with the cast’s annunciation, and several lines went over the audience’s heads.
The play benefited from strong and believable acting by Bingham and Healy. Some of the most memorable moments of the production were Healy’s rendition of Minnie Driver’s last lines in “Good Will Hunting,” and Bingham changing characters to make a reincarnated J.D. Salinger cameo.
Despite the acceptable performances, the actors couldn’t do anything with the dialogue as the show’s main problem was the script. It was riddled with cliché jokes that one wouldn’t expect from an Emmy-nominated writer.
Ben is portrayed as a dumb and lazy neo-frat boy, while Matt is a smart and hard working, yet, struggling actor. These are perhaps unfair depictions of them, as there is not really evidence either personality is accurate.
Even the authentic footage of Affleck and Damon’s infamously over-the-top Oscar acceptance speech played at the end of the performance was not as melodramatically goofy as the performers’ interpretation.
The funny and promising premise turned into a predictable, familiar, high school drama class production. Kaling, although undoubtedly a talented actress and television writer, clearly needs some work before calling herself a playwright.

‘Nightcrawler’ challenges future of journalistic integrity


It is said that credibility is a journalist’s greatest asset. However, an exception can be made for network news stations.

“Nightcrawler,” directed by Dan Gilroy, is a film that explores the world of freelance crime journalism. The main character Lou Bloom, played by Jake Gyllenhaal, draws the audience into his intelligent, devious mind from the start.

At the beginning of the film, Bloom seems lost in life. He steals and sells scrap metal and lives in a small apartment where he spends most of his time on his computer or watching television news. Then randomly, after a chance encounter on his drive home, he decides to learn the ropes of crime journalism.

After selling his first piece of footage to a TV news station, KWLA, Bloom becomes increasingly confident and ambitious and uses his knowledge of business and negotiation skills to rise up in the company. Bloom, when employers or authority are present, speaks very charismatically and infiltrates KWLA by manipulating Nina, KWLA’s news director.
He admits to Nina he did not receive much formal education, but finds most of his information online. Bloom’s existence in today’s highly connected world contrasts his detached and callous personality. He’s all business and no casual: the type of guy who could research comedians’ jokes all day but not know to laugh when they tell the punch line.

From this point on, Bloom begins to blur the lines between witnessing and participating. He forms his own company, Video Production News and continues to provoke questions about journalism ethics. By the end of the film, he is no longer an underdog in a big business but a daring mastermind in a business he’s gained much control over.
Even when Bloom blatantly violates ethical codes of journalism, there is something oddly likeable about him. He receives sympathy due to his social awkwardness, which makes him appear lonely looking for a human interaction and his clear passion for news reporting. However, Bloom’s surface insecurities are nothing more than a ploy to expose and take advantage of others’ weaknesses.

The film’s score works to add a satirically humorous tone at times which helps create a feeling of unease. One cannot help but crack a nervous smile when music suitable for a daytime soap opera is cued up over Bloom’s thoughtless final words to a dying colleague.
Overall, the film, in particular the ending, presents a cynical view of present day media as well as a negative forecast for the future of media where journalists completely forget morality and are in constant conflict with the police.

Bloom’s ominous last words, “I wouldn’t ask you to do anything I wouldn’t do myself” to his newly hired staff, foreshadows a vicious cycle as a new crop of corrupted and amoral journalists are birthed.

Offbeat comedy “Frank” takes unsettling turn

 

“Frank” is an offbeat British comedy that follows a character based off of 80s musician Chris Sievey who donned a papier-mâché head and performed as “Frank Sidebottom.” Domhnall Gleeson plays Jon, a wannabe musician who seizes an opening for a keyboardist with Frank’s eccentric pop band The Soronprfbs. The original music is exceptionally memorable and only adds to the likability of the group.

Each band member has their own oddity which creates an entertaining dynamic within the group when they move into an isolated cabin to record an album. Frank, played by Michael Fassbender, is kind and charming while Maggie Gyllenhaal’s character, Clara, is extremely malicious to Jon throughout the film in a comedic manner. The other band members speak mostly amongst themselves in French. It succeeds in producing engaging dark comedy even through onscreen deaths and relationship turmoil.

Towards the end of the film however, it changes from a fun comedy into a dramatic film where suddenly our protagonist Jon is the villain and the trouble-making band members are the victims. After Jon posted videos of the band online looking for fame and helped Frank to find a more radio-friendly sound, it turns out he was only seeking glory for himself. His total destruction of the band comes at an unforgettably disastrous SXSW performance that would put Ashley Simpson’s infamous lip-syncing debacle to shame, ending with Frank’s panic attack.

Following Frank’s breakdown, the film continues to change in tone abruptly and drastically. Frank, the character that the audience has laughed at and been wonderfully confused by the whole film suddenly leaves us feeling melancholy, conflicted, and oddly guilty when it is revealed plainly that he is suffering from a mental illness.

The biggest flaw in “Frank” is the directorial decision to remove the title character’s head and reveal onscreen the man’s true features. It puts a face on the enigmatic anti-hero and brings him down to human status, which he seemed to ascend when he wore the mask. Previously, the audience had grown to love the quirky, kind and sincere character but once he is revealed we are forced to see him in a completely different light, as a mental health patient. It forces you to look back at scenes and re-evaluate them in an unpleasant and uneasy way. Frank goes from a colorful, wacky eccentric to a glum loner suffering from what appears to be a form of Autism. Nevertheless director Lenny Abrahamson succeeded in creating an outlandish and unique Indie film.

Coming of Age Film “Boyhood” Claims Summer Spotlight

            The best movie released this summer was not big budget blockbusters like “Guardians of the Galaxy” or “Lucy” but a film that was over 12 years in the making. “Boyhood” directed by Richard Linklater portrays the life of a young boy, Mason, played by Ellar Coltrane, from ages 5 to 18. Throughout the film, viewers see the evolution of a family with Mason’s father played by Ethan Hawke, mother played by Patricia Arquette, and sister played by the director’s daughter, Lorelei Linklater.

Despite the big stars cast in the film, it often felt like watching someone else’s brilliantly shot home videos instead of a Hollywood movie because the moments are so life-like and genuine. Linklater proves himself once again to be a pioneer of the film industry. He previously demonstrating his prowess with films such as “Waking Life” and “A Scanner Darkly” in which he traced over live action scenes with colorful 3D animation, but “Boyhood” is without a doubt his masterpiece.

He has captured human life unlike any other movie in cinema history as the audience witnesses the literal transformation of one child’s journey to adulthood right before their eyes. The script omits exaggerated plot twists and tedious melodrama, opting instead for sincere person-to-person dialogue and narrative that just as easily could have been the boy’s actual experiences.

What is even more astounding was Linklater’s ability to continue making other feature length films over the lengthy filming period without interfering with this project. Linklater shot this film by gathering up the cast once every year for 12 years and would then shoot 3-4 days each time. That being said, it flows smoothly and Linklater manages to place the pieces together so realistically that Mason’s aging isn’t jarring.

The soundtrack ages in time with the film featuring many cultural references from the past. Viewers will be drawn back to the first time they heard the tracks including “Soak up the Sun” by Sheryl Crow, “Oops I Did It Again” by Britney Spears and “Crank That (Soulja Boy)” by Soulja Boy.

The film is 165 minutes long but doesn’t feel like it due to viewers’ unavoidable emotional investments in Mason. Audiences are bound to feel the nostalgia oozing off the screen regardless of age or gender because the film incorporates universal milestones of growing up while Ellar Coltrane literally grows up before our eyes on screen. As sentimental as it is, it portrays both the good, bad, and ugly parts of growing up without sugarcoating. Linklater effectively managed to create a relatable coming of age film that manages to avoid clichés and radiate authenticity.